Encountering isolation: “Can the nurse through use of her encounter with the patient, help patients with tuberculosis to avoid the negative psychological effects of isolation?”
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Tuberculosis patients placed in isolation are prone to experiencing psychological effects of isolation. Anxiety, depression, loss of control, low self-esteem and stigmatisation are amongst the reactions that can be expected to occur during their time in isolation. Who better to meet the problem actively than the one who spends the most time with the patient, the nurse? The problem statement of thesis is therefore, “Can the nurse through use of her encounter with the patient, help patients with tuberculosis to avoid the negative psychological effects of isolation?” It’s discussed out from four main points “acknowledging a need”, “social contact”, “Acceptance and emotional support” and “knowledge, understanding and communication”. The thesis is a literary study written in the form of an argumentative text in a form for essay style, making the thesis personal and easy to relate to. The theory and discussion based on scientific research in the form of qualitative research articles, quantitative statistic sites, books on psychology theory and Travelbee’s nursing theory as well as my own experience based knowledge from my nursing education. Together these are explored thoroughly exemplified through the use of a fictive patient case in order to create understanding and to make the problem livid. Through this thesis it becomes clear that the nurse through using herself therapeutically, through exuding mindfulness, through focusing on building a relationship with the patient and communicating clearly that these patients can indeed avoid the negative psychological effects of isolation.