• A credible compliance enforcement system for the climate regime 

      Hovi, Jon; Greaker, Mads; Hagem, Cathrine; Holtsmark, Bjart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The compliance enforcement system of the Kyoto Protocol provides only weak incentives for Parties to comply with their commitments. For example, the penalties for non-compliant countries are not legally binding, and moreover, ...
    • A credible compliance enforcement system for the climate regime 

      Hovi, Jon; Greaker, Mads; Hagem, Cathrine; Holtsmark, Bjart (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      The compliance enforcement system of the Kyoto Protocol provides only weak incentives for Parties to comply with their commitments. For example, the penalties for non-compliant countries are not legally binding, and moreover, ...
    • A multi-method evaluation of the potential for using the electricity bill to encourage energy savings in Norwegian households 

      Westskog, Hege; Sælen, Håkon (Journal article, 2013)
      This study explores whether the electricity bill can be used as a medium to deliver information that encourages energy conservation in Norwegian households. Two main categories of information were tested: social comparative ...
    • A multimodel examination of climate Extremes in an idealized geoengineering experiment 

      Curry, Charles L.; Sillmann, Jana; Bronaugh, David; Alterskjær, Kari; Cole, Jason N.S.; Ji, Duoying; Kravitz, Ben; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Moore, John C.; Muri, Helene Østlie; Niemeier, Ulrike; Robock, Alan; Tilmes, Simone; Yang, Shuting (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Temperature and precipitation extremes are examined in the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project experiment G1, wherein an instantaneous quadrupling of CO2 from its preindustrial control value is offset by a ...
    • Atmospheric methane evolution the last 40 years 

      Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Gomez-Pelaez, Angel J.; Søvde, Ole Amund; Isaksen, Ivar S A; Weiss, Ray F.; Harth, Christina M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations at surface sites show an increase in global mean surface methane (CH4) of about 180 parts per billion (ppb) (above 10 %) over the period 1984–2012. Over this period there are large fluctuations in the annual ...
    • A two-track CDM: improved incentives for sustainable development and offset production 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Shrivastava, Manish K.; Pandey, Nimisha; Tørnblad, Silje Hexeberg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has been criticized in the literature for encouraging a focus on offset production (OP) at the expense of achieving or encouraging sustainable development (SD). It is argued that one ...
    • A warmer policy for a colder climate: Can China both reduce poverty and cap carbon emissions? 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Aamaas, Borgar; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Reducing global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is often thought to be at odds with economic growth and poverty reduction. Using an integrated assessment modeling approach, we find that China can cap CO2 emissions at 2015 ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Climate change, risk management and the end of Nomadic pastoralism 

      Næss, Marius Warg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Mobility has been argued to be the single factor explaining why some pastoralists do relatively well during extreme climatic events, while others do not, because mobility works by taking advantage of the spatial and temporal ...
    • Climate change impacts on crop yield: Evidence from China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Cherry, Todd; Glomsrød, Solveig; Zhang, Tianyi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      When estimating climate change impact on crop yield, a typical assumption is constant elasticity of yield with respect to a climate variable even though the elasticity may be inconstant. After estimating both constant and ...
    • Climate Clubs: a Gateway to Effective Climate Cooperation? 

      Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef; Sælen, Håkon; Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Although the Paris Agreement arguably made some progress, interest in supplementary approaches to climate change co-operation persist. This article examines the conditions under which a climate club might emerge and grow. ...
    • Climate impacts of short-lived climate forcers versus CO2 from biodiesel: A case of the EU on-road sector 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Biofuels are proposed to play an important role in several mitigation strategies to meet future CO2 emission targets for the transport sector but remain controversial due to significant uncertainties in net impacts on ...
    • Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon 

      Andrew, Robbie; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      A growing number of countries regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions occurring within their borders, but due to rapid growth in international trade, the products consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely ...
    • Climate response to externally mixed black carbon as a function of altitude 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The climate response to the presence of black carbon (BC) aerosol at a given altitude in the atmosphere is investigated using a global circulation model. The vertical dependence of the efficiency with which BC exerts ...
    • CO2 emissions from biomass combustion for bioenergy: atmospheric decay and contribution to global warming 

      Cherubini, Francesco; Peters, Glen Philip; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Strømman, Anders Hammer; Hertwich, Edgar G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from biomass combustion are traditionally assumed climate neutral if the bioenergy system is carbon (C) flux neutral, i.e. the CO2 released from biofuel combustion approximately equals the ...
    • Comparing approaches to valuing sectoral net investments 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      In the literature of comprehensive national accounts, national net investments are used to indicate dynamic welfare improvement in an economy. A well-known approach associates national net investments with the shadow value ...
    • COMPARING THE GTAP-MRIO AND WIOD DATABASES FOR CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS 

      Arto, I; Rueda-Cantuche, JM; Peters, Glen Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We explore two different worldwide multi-regional input–output (MRIO) databases (Global Trade Analysis Project-MRIO and World Input–Output Database) for the calculation of the global carbon footprint (CF) of nations. We ...