Now showing items 21-40 of 99

    • Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon 

      Andrew, Robbie; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      A growing number of countries regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions occurring within their borders, but due to rapid growth in international trade, the products consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely ...
    • Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Young, P.J.; Archibald, A.T.; Bowman, K.W.; Lamarque, J. F.; Naik, V.; Stevenson, DS; Tilmes, S.; Voulgarakis, A.; Wild, O.; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Cionni, Irene; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, RM; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, B.; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; Plummer, D. A.; Righi, M.; Rumbold, Steven T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Strode, S.A.; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, Guangming (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Present day tropospheric ozone and its changes between 1850 and 2100 are considered, analysing 15 global models that participated in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP). The ensemble ...
    • Tropospheric ozone changes, radiative forcing and attribution to emissions in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Stevenson, D.S.; Young, P.J.; Naik, V.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Shindell, D.T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Gunnar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Folberth, G.A.; Rumbold, S.T.; Collins, W.J.; MacKenzie, I.A.; Doherty, R.M.; Zeng, G.; van Noije, T.P.C; Strunk, A.; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, P.; Plummer, D.A.; Strode, S.A.; Horowitz, L.; Lee, Y.H.; Szopa, S.; Sudo, K.; Nagashima, T.; Josse, B.; Cionni, I.; Righi, M.; Eyring, V.; Conley, A.; Bowman, K.W.; Wild, O.; Archibald, A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Ozone (O3) from 17 atmospheric chemistry models taking part in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) has been used to calculate tropospheric ozone radiative forcings (RFs). All models ...
    • Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Naik, V; Voulgarakis, A; Fiore, AM; Horowitz, LW; Lamarque, JF; Lin, M; Prather, MJ; Young, PJ; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Cionni, I; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, R; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, GA; Josse, B; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; van Noije, TPC; Plummer, DA; Righi, M; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Stevenson, DS; Strode, S; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, G (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We have analysed time-slice simulations from 17 global models, participating in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), to explore changes in present-day (2000) hydroxyl radical (OH) ...
    • Why herd size matters - mitigating the effects of livestock crashes 

      Næss, Marius Warg; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Analysing the effect of pastoral risk management strategies provides insights into a system of subsistence that have persevered in marginal areas for hundreds to thousands of years and may shed light into the future of ...
    • A multi-method evaluation of the potential for using the electricity bill to encourage energy savings in Norwegian households 

      Westskog, Hege; Sælen, Håkon (Journal article, 2013)
      This study explores whether the electricity bill can be used as a medium to deliver information that encourages energy conservation in Norwegian households. Two main categories of information were tested: social comparative ...
    • A two-track CDM: improved incentives for sustainable development and offset production 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Shrivastava, Manish K.; Pandey, Nimisha; Tørnblad, Silje Hexeberg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has been criticized in the literature for encouraging a focus on offset production (OP) at the expense of achieving or encouraging sustainable development (SD). It is argued that one ...
    • Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations 

      Shindell, D.T.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M.; Jiao, C.; Chin, M.; Young, P.J.; Lee, Y.H.; Rotstayn, L.; Mahowald, N.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W.J.; Conley, A.J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Easter, R.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, X.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, J.-H.; Lo, F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of ...
    • Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N; Chin, M; Diehl, T; Easter, R. C.; Feichter, J; Ghan, SJ; Hauglustaine, D; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S; Kirkevåg, A; Lamarque, J. F.; Lin, G; Liu, X.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Luo, G; Ma, X; van Noije, T; Penner, JE; Rasch, P. J.; Ruiz, A.; Seland, Ø.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K; Wang, P.; Wang, Z; Xu, L.; Yu, H; Yu, F.; Yoon, J.-H.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, H.; Zhou, C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We report on the AeroCom Phase II direct aerosol effect (DAE) experiment where 16 detailed global aerosol models have been used to simulate the changes in the aerosol distribution over the industrial era. All 16 models ...
    • The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP): overview and description of models, simulations and climate diagnostics 

      Lamarque, J.-F.; Shindell, D.T.; Josse, B.; Young, P.J.; Cionni, I.; Eyring, V.; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, P.; Collins, W.J.; Doherty, R.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, G.; Folberth, G.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.; Lee, Y.H.; MacKenzie, I.A.; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Plummer, D.; Righi, M.; Rumbold, S.T.; Schulz, M.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stevenson, D.S.; Strode, S.; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Voulgarakis, A.; Zeng, G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) consists of a series of time slice experiments targeting the long-term changes in atmospheric composition between 1850 and 2100, with the goal ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Consumption-based GHG emission accounting: a UK case study 

      Barrett, John; Peters, Glen Philip; Wiedmann, Thomas; Scott, Kate; Lenzen, Manfred; Roelich, Katy; Le Quéré, Corinne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Global GHG emissions continue to rise, with nearly a quarter of it due to trade that is not currently captured within global climate policy. In the context of current trade patterns and limited global cooperation on climate ...
    • Upgrading to cleaner household stoves and reducing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among women in rural China — A cost-benefit analysis 

      Aunan, Kristin; Alnes, Line Winther Hansen; Berger, Janne; Dong, Zeqin; Ma, Liying; Staff, Heidi Elisabeth; Vennemo, Haakon; Wang, Shuxiao; Zhan, Wei (Journal article, 2013)
    • The political feasibility of potent enforcement in a post-Kyoto climate agreement 

      Aakre, Stine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      To be effective, a post-Kyoto climate agreement must secure significant greenhouse gas emissions reductions by all (key) emitters. Potent participation and compliance enforcement will be required to make it in every key ...
    • Climate change impacts on crop yield: Evidence from China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Cherry, Todd; Glomsrød, Solveig; Zhang, Tianyi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      When estimating climate change impact on crop yield, a typical assumption is constant elasticity of yield with respect to a climate variable even though the elasticity may be inconstant. After estimating both constant and ...
    • Linking the emissions trading schemes of Europe and China - Combining climate and energy policy instruments 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Both Europe and China have announced targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction and renewable energy development. To achieve their emissions targets, Europe has introduced emissions trading scheme (ETS) since 2005 and ...
    • Energy market impacts of nuclear power phase-out policies 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Mideksa, Torben; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Since the Fukushima disaster in Japan in March 2011, safety concerns have escalated and policies toward nuclear power are being reconsidered in several countries. This article presents a study of the upward pressure on ...
    • Electricity consumption: should there be a limit? Implications of people’s attitudes for the forming of sustainable energy policies 

      Westskog, Hege; Winther, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      The aim of this paper is to examine people’s attitudes towards electricity and electricity consumption within the Norwegian market context. The empirical material is based on 18 in-depth interviews and eight focus group ...
    • Forty-seven years of weekly atmospheric black carbon measurements in the Finnish Arctic: Decrease in black carbon with declining emissions 

      Dutkiewicz, V. A.; DeJulio, A. M.; Ahmed, T; Laing, J; Hopke, P. K.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Viisanen, Y; Paatero, J.; Husain, Liaquat (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Concentrations of atmospheric black carbon, [BC], were determined from filter samples collected weekly at Kevo, Finland (69°45′N, 27°02′E), from 1964 to 2010 using optical and thermal optical methods. The data provide the ...