Econometric vs artmap prediction of economic choice
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Forecasting economic behaviour is an important problem with practical implications for a number of scienti c disciplines, including microeconomics, macroeconomics, marketing and economic psychology. The ability to predict the economic agent's choice is a coveted goal for both social scientists and mar- ket practitioners. In our time, such studies are conducted with eld investiga- tions or laboratory experiments. However, the traditional statistical techniques used to build explanatory models with predictive power are of limited capability and have inherent structural de ciencies. Here we show that an arti cial neural network of the ARTMAP family forecasts far better than the state-of-the-art multinomial regression the economic decisions of the participants in a labora- tory experiment resembling real markets. We found that when the number of options among which one must choose is four, and hence any systematic predic- tive success above 25% is valuable, Fuzzy ARTMAP achieved 42.28%, while the most popular logit regression model reached 37.87%. This result demonstrates the greater capability of the neural classi er to utilize correlated input factors, which remain underused by regression analysis. Yet, prediction rates such as the attained here are still very low, and could hardly be raised by more sophis- ticated statistical techniques, but should rather be improved by incorporating more in-depth psychological knowledge about the decision-maker.
This is an open access journal. Available from www.proceedings.bas.bg