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Media firm strategy and advertising taxes
(Discussion paper2011:3, Working paper, 2011-02)
Product quality, competition, and multi-purchasing
(Discussion paper;2012:9, Working paper, 2012-08)
In a Hotelling duopoly model, we introduce quality that is more appreciated by closer consumers. Then higher common quality raises equilibrium prices, in contrast to the standard neutrality result. Furthermore, we allow ...
Causes and effects of FDI by the Norwegian maritime industry
(Report2000:70, Research report, 2000-12)
In this paper we analyse foreign direct investments (FDI) in Asia by the Norwegian maritime industry. We focus on three topics: - Why do Norwegian maritime companies invest abroad? - What are the effects of maritime foreign ...
Efficiency enhancing taxation in two-sided markets
(Working paper2008:1, Working paper, 2008-01)
This paper examines the efficient provision of goods in two-sided markets and characterizes optimal specific and ad-valorem taxes. We show that (i) a monopoly may have too tight output compared to the social optimum; (ii) ...
Business models for media firms : does competition matter for how they raise revenue?
(Working paper2008:21, Working paper, 2008-08)
The purpose of this article is to analyze how competitive forces may influence how media firms like TV channels raise revenue. A media firm can either be financed by advertising revenue, by direct payment from the viewers ...
Should utility-reducing media advertising be taxed?
(Working paper2009:3, Working paper, 2009-03)
Empirical evidence suggests that people dislike ads in media products like TV programs. In such situations standard economic theory prescribes that the advertising volume can be optimally reduced by levying a tax on ads. ...
Price-dependent profit-sharing as a channel coordination device
(Working paper2008:05, Working paper, 2008-03)
We show how an upstream firm by using a price-dependent profit-sharing rule can prevent destructive competition between downstream firms that produce relatively close substitutes. With this rule the upstream firm induces ...
Slotting allowances to coordinate manufacturers’ retail sales effort
(Working paper2007:16, Working paper, 2007-07)
Slotting allowances are fees paid by manufacturers to get access to retailers’ shelf space. Although the main attention towards slotting allowances has been within the grocery industry, slotting allowances have also been ...
Another tale of two-sided markets
(Working paper2007:14, Working paper, 2007-06)
This note generalizes the frequently used Hotelling model for two-sided markets. We demonstrate an invariance theorem: advertisement levels neither depend on the media price nor on the location of the media firm. An increase ...
Tax responses in platform industries
(Working paper2009:24, Working paper, 2009-07)
Two-sided platform firms serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and include major businesses such as the media industry, banking, and the software industry. A well known result of ...