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Fairness is intuitive
(Discussion paper;9/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
In this paper we provide new evidence showing that fair behavior is intuitive to most people. We find a strong association between a short response time and fair behavior in the dictator game. This association is robust ...
Is there a development gap in rationality?
(Discussion paper;8/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
We report an experimental test of the four touchstones of rationality in choice under risk – utility maximization, stochastic dominance, expected-utility maximization and small-stakes risk neutrality – with students from ...
Teaching through television: Experimental evidence on entrepreneurship education in Tanzania
(Discussion paper;03/15, Working paper, 2015-02)
Can television be used to teach and foster entrepreneurship among youth in developing countries? We report from a randomized control field experiment of an edutainment show on entrepreneurship broadcasted over almost ...
Essays on poverty and normative economics
(Doctoral thesis, 1994)
Who are the least advantaged?
(Discussion paper2004:34, Working paper, 2005-01)
The difference principle, introduced by Rawls (1971, 1993), is generally interpreted as leximin, but this is not how he intended it. Rawls explicitly states that the difference principle requires that aggregate benefits ...
How middle-men can undermine anti-corruption reforms
(Discussion paper2004:20, Working paper, 2004-12)
The anti-corruption reform in the Tanzanian tax bureaucracy in the mid-1990s was apparently a short-lived success. In the wake of the reform, a number of “tax experts” established themselves in the market, many of them ...
Some reflections on the role of moral reasoning in economics
(Discussion paper2003:23, Working paper, 2003-11)
People seem to be motivated by moral ideas and in this paper I discuss how we should take this into account in positive and normative economics. I review alternative ways of modelling moral motivation and reasoning in ...
Person-affecting paretian egalitarianism with variable population size
(Discussion paper2005:13, Working paper, 2005-08)
Where there is a fixed population (i.e., who exists does not depend on what choice an agent makes), the deontic version of anonymous Paretian egalitarianism holds that an option is just if and only if (1) it is anonymously ...
The pluralism of fairness ideals : an experimental approach
(Discussion paper2005:12, Working paper, 2005-09)
A core question in the contemporary debate on distributive justice is how the fair distribution of income is affected by differences in talent and effort. Important theories of distributive justice, such as strict ega ...
Marginal productivity reward : a new justification
(Discussion paper2004:33, Working paper, 2004-12)
Marginal productivity reward has been justified either as a way of ensuring efficiency or of respecting people’s self-ownership. Both these arguments have their limitations. In this paper we present a new and more general ...