Re-integration of highly skilled return migrant: the impact on the development of Bangladesh
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An increasing numbers of highly skilled people from Bangladesh are immigrating to the developed world in search for better education and jobs. The ‘brain drain’ is central importance arena by the many scholars but while these skilled people returned home with human capital and invest into home country development process, the home country might have potential benefits from the skilled returnees. While most papers reflect on the impact of migration on development are focusing on remittances and labor migration, this research emphasized on the highly skilled return migrants’ return decision and their contribution of acquired human capital to the country’s development upon their return. The research survey was conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh (2015). The findings indicated that emigration and return decision are not centered on the high wages of income. There are several factors determining the reasons for return. For instance, emigration occurred because of better education and job opportunities abroad. The return to the home country is mainly due to family ties, knowledge transfer or human capital investment, mismatched the educational background to find a job in the destination country, bilateral agreement for academic professionals and racial discrimination. This paper firstly explores the facts according to the theoretical discussion and secondly, we analyze the data based on the findings following the conceptual theories of this research.
Master's thesis in Migration and Intercultural Relations