Trafikksikkerhet, holdninger og atferd. En sammenligning av norske og russiske respondenter
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- Institutt for psykologi 
The main objective of the thesis was to investigate whether there are group differences and whether there exists a relationship between attitudes towards traffic behaviour and actual reported traffic behaviour between Norwegian (n = 247) and Russian (n = 245) respondents. Main concerns are: Does the thesis reveal actual cross-country differences? Does the relationships and possible cross-country differences outrun/go beyond confounding covariates such as: gender, age, and monthly mileage of driving? The thesis is a cross-sectional – questionnaire based survey. The samples were stratified. The Norwegian sample is composed of both randomly and non-randomly chosen respondents. The Russian respondents were either chosen, on a random manner, from chopping malls, on their work places or on local bus stations. The thesis hypothesizes that there are differences in traffic behaviour – and attitudes attached due to cross-country differences in the reports of the Norwegian and Russian respondents, that there is a relationship between attitudes towards traffic behaviour and actual self reported behaviour in traffic, and that traffic behaviour can be predicted due to attitudes. Before testing the hypotheses, Principal Components Analysis (PCA) revealed four dimensions on attitudes, and five dimensions on behaviour. Significant statistical group differences were found, based on Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA), and relationships were found Hierarchical Block Regression Analysis using the “enter” method. Theoretical and methodological implications for the thesis are discussed. The thesis supports earlier studies of the same topic, and supports The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). The thesis supports the hypotheses postulated that there are group differences in traffic attitudes and traffic behaviour between Norwegian and Russian respondents, that there is a relationship. More research should be conducted on why The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is more effective in explaining attitudes towards traffic related behaviour in Norway than in Russia, due to the group differences. However, the regression analysis suggests that TPB is more effective in predicting traffic behaviour in Russia than in Norway. Implications of low response rates and the use of stratificated samples are discussed.