Hvordan opplever kvinner å slutte å røyke? - En kvalitativ studie
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Background: Smoking is a public health problem and worldwide the number of smoking related deaths has increased. Since 1973-74 the percentage of smoking women has dropped by only seven percent. Sex differences indicate that women are more likely to have severe health issues due to smoking. For many the social aspect of smoking causes cessation difficulties. Purpose: To investigate how women who have quit smoking experienced the cessation process. Material and method: 10 women in central Norway was included in a qualitative study using individual in depth semi-structured interviews. Analysis were carried out using Malterud`s systematic text condensation. Results: The participants described that the anticipation to be “superwomen” affected the cessation process and made it more difficult. Another important aspect was commitment to others, in particular children. Smoking cessation was described as leading to an experience of loss, as well as regaining control. Conclusions: The interviews gave further information on how women live the process of smoking cessation as well as the various challenges appearing. Health issues is an important element, but does not necessarily provide adequate motivation to quit smoking, and the fear of gaining weight along with formed habits makes quitting difficult. Occasionally successful quitters also experience loss and sorrow caused by breaking habits (smoking). Also the sentiments regarding losing control of life, makes quitting difficult. Relevance: This study provided knowledge about how women experienced the process of smoke cessation. The study stresses the importance of motivation, and indicates that motivation must be stronger than the resisting forces in order to successfully quit smoking.