Risk Communication Between Companies and Local Stakeholders for Improving Accident Prevention and Emergency Response
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Original versionBaram, M., Lindøe, P.H. (2018) Risk Communication Between Companies and Local Stakeholders for Improving Accident Prevention and Emergency ResponseIn Bourrier, M., Bieder, C. (Eds.) Risk Communication for the Future : Towards Smart Risk Governance and Safety Management (pp. 61-76) Cham: Springer Open
Hazardous industrial areas pose major accident risks. In recent years, two innovative approaches have been used for improving accident prevention and emergency response beyond conventional regulatory requirements: the Seveso and RMP models of local involvement in state regulation. Both promote information sharing and enable direct engagement between companies and local stakeholders, and therefore involve extensive risk-related communications. The authors examine the two approaches in detail by using case studies of their application to hazardous industrial sites in Norway and the US and identify obstacles to their implementation. Nevertheless, they conclude that the approaches advance corporate social responsibility and make risk governance more democratic, respectful, and responsive to the population sectors that are most vulnerable to major industrial accidents.