No Difference Between Spray Dried Milk and Native Whey Supplementation with Strength Training
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2018, 51, 75-83. 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001758
Background: A rapid digestibility and high leucine content are considered important for maximal stimulation of muscle protein synthesis. Consequently, with these properties, native whey may hold greater anabolic potential than milk, when supplemented in combination with strength training. Our aim was to compare the effects of supplementation with milk or native whey, during a 12-week strength training period, on gains in muscle mass and strength in young adults. Methods: In this double-blinded, randomized, controlled study a total of 40 untrained young men and women received two daily servings of either milk or native whey containing 20 g of protein, during a 12-week strength training intervention. Muscle strength, lean mass, thigh muscle cross sectional area, m. vastus lateralis thickness and muscle fiber cross sectional area were assessed before and after the training period. In addition, the acute phosphorylation of the anabolic kinases p70S6K, 4E-BP1 and eEF-2 in response to a standardized workout and supplementation was investigated before and after the 12-week training period. Results: Muscle mass and strength increased, by all measures applied (5-16%, P < 0.001), with no differences between groups (P > 0.25). p70S6K phosphorylation increased (~1000%, P < 0.02) 2 hours after exercise in the untrained and trained state, but no differences in anabolic signaling were observed between supplements (P > 0.40). No correlation between these acute measures and changes in muscle mass or strength were observed. Conclusion: Supplementation with milk or native whey during a 12-week strength training period did not differentially affect muscle mass and strength in young untrained individuals.