Systems engineering for the subsea oil & gas industry – requirements elicitation through semantically aware technologies – a quantitative assessment
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From the year 2000 through to 2016, no floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) projects were delivered on time or on budget. This straightforward but astonishing reality highlights the challenges of requirements elicitation, management and eventual contract fulfilment within the oil and gas industry domain. This study is a step in the research for an improved method to elicit requirements in the subsea oil industry and apply it to project execution, with the aim to improve execution costs through significant cost-of-quality reduction. Requirement elicitation is a challenge in every industry, but particularly acute for the subsea oil and gas extraction industry, this happens, is brought about by the short project award and execution times do not allow a thorough compilation of a requirement database from the multitude of contract documents and appendixes. Mainstream requirements management tools used in systems engineering in other domains generally cannot cope with the diversity and complexity of the subsea oil and gas tenders, the set of circumstances results in an ad hoc approach in an effort to counter the adverse effect of the incomplete information with the consequence of the inevitable requirements late discovery with bespoke and costly mitigations.