Analyse av en muntlig og en digital vurdering i matematikk
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The aim of this study is to analyze two different forms of assessment; an oral test and an assessment using the web-based program “Multi Smart Øving”. This study is based on the research question: How do the students express their knowledge through an oral and digital assessment in mathematics? In order to answer this, it was considered appropriate to split the research question into two questions. The first focuses on how one can relate an oral and digital assessment in mathematics to principles of “good assessment”. To answer this, the six criteria described by Engh, Dobson and Høihilder (2007) is used. The next question focuses on the mathematical understanding which is expressed through an oral and digital assessment in mathematics. This is answered mainly by the description of procedural and conceptual understanding (Hiebert & Lefevre, 1986), as well as the theory of cognitive demands of mathematical tasks (Stein, Grover & Henningsen, 1996; Valenta, 2016). The study is based on the use of different qualitative research methods. Observation was used to obtain insight in how the web-based program and the oral test was used as assessments in mathematics. In addition, interviews were conducted with the teacher who used the oral test and four of his students, in addition to the teacher using the web-based program and three of his students. The tasks presented in the two assessments were also collected and a document analysis was carried out. The results of the study are based on the analysis and the discussion of the findings. It appears that the students to the greatest extent get to express their procedural knowledge in the use of “Multi Smart Øving” as a form of assessment. With the use of the oral assessment in mathematics the students get to express their conceptual knowledge to the greatest extent. In both forms of the assessments, the students will express their knowledge in a manner that coincides with five of the six principles of “good assessment”.
Masteroppgave matematikkdidaktikk MA502 – Universitetet i Agder 2018