The “dark side” of projectification: The impact of project work on the employees’ well-being : A quantitative study of the impact of project work exposure on employees’ work-related well-being.
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Although project-based work is said to create dynamic environments for innovation and learning, it can also make the employees vulnerable, exhausted and reduce their personal worthiness. Some have even stated that it can be destructive to the employees’ well-being. Employees’ well-being impacts not only the individual itself, but also the organizations they work in and the society as a whole. Existing studies have explored how work in general impact employees’ well-being, but few have assessed the impact of project-based work on employees’ well-being. As the use of project-based work is constantly increasing it is highly relevant and interesting to explore its impact on individuals. By using the Job Demand- Control-Support model as the starting point of our study, we aim to explore the research gap of how project work exposure impact employees’ well-being using a quantitative approach. While the main hypothesis considers the impact of project demand on employees’ workrelated well-being, the direct and potential moderating effects of project control and coworker support are also included. In addition, project complexity is considered as a moderating variable. We have conducted a quantitative analysis, based on primary data collected through a webbased questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed by three leading project management associations in Scandinavia and answered by 136 respondents. The main data analysis was done applying PLS-SEM. Our findings demonstrate that all of the independent variables had a significant impact on employees’ work-related well-being, while the moderating variables did not have any significant impact. Nevertheless, the results contribute to a better understanding of the linkage between project work exposure and employees’ well-being.
Master's thesis Business Administration BE501 - University of Agder 2018