Incorporation of Fe@Au nanoparticles into multiresponsive pNIPAM-AAc colloidal gels modulates drug uptake and release
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonColloid and Polymer Science. 2016, 294 (12), 1929-1942. 10.1007/s00396-016-3944-1
Here, a synthetic method has been optimized for the synthesis of thermoresponsive and pH-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) nanogels which are subsequently loaded with cytochrome C by using a modified breathing-in mechanism. Physico-chemical properties mapped by using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) confirm the swelling/deswelling kinetics as reversible with a volume phase transition temperature (VPTT) of ~39 °C. Fe@Au nanoparticles were incorporated inside the nanogel networks by using two different methods: coating and in situ growth. The latter bears closer resemblance to the nanogels only, while the former follows the trend of bare Fe@Au nanoparticles. High loading (~96 %) and encapsulation (500 μg/mg of nanogels) of cytochrome C were obtained. Release experiments performed by using a dialysis set-up and monitored by using UV-vis spectroscopy show the highest release at 40 °C and pH 3.2 (high temperature, low pH), with maximum release from the Fe@Au-coated nanogels that also show a reverse swelling-collapse trend. The location of the drug, the incorporation and presence of Fe@Au nanoparticles and the drug incorporation method are found to control both the drug release mechanism and kinetics.