FRONTEX and migration in the Aegean Sea
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Human migration is one of the most pressing issues in contemporary politics. Massive unrest due to the unravelling of regimes in the Middle East, as well as the rise of conflicts in subSaharan Africa and in other parts of the world, have caused large-scale displacements worldwide. To find safety and a better life for themselves and their families, many refugees and migrants are risking their lives by undertaking dangerous sea crossings. This phenomenon is especially evident in countries such as Italy and Greece, the countries on the frontline of Europe’s migration routes. In response to the challenges of migration, European politicians have opted for a prevailing emergency frame. Thus, emphasizing the need for protecting the borders of the EU through the enforcement of the common external borders. In 2016, the new European Border and Coast Guard has been created and the mandate of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) has been significantly expanded, thus making it the main ‘tool’ for stemming the flows of migrants and protecting the external borders of the EU. This research seeks to analyze the ‘securitizing’ links between migration, security, border control, and Frontex.