Geometry-Based Modeling of Wideband Industrial Indoor Radio Propagation Channels
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In this paper, we present a geometrical scattering model for a typical class of industrial indoor environments. The proposed industrial reference model takes into account scattering components arising from metallic structures and the surrounding walls of the investigated environment. Starting from the geometrical scattering model, we derive the analytical expressions of the probability density function (PDF) of the angle of arrival (AoA), PDF of the time of arrival (ToA), and the autocorrelation function (ACF) in the frequency domain. The obtained results reveal a large difference between industrial channels and other home and office environments. The theoretical results of the reference model are validated by simulation results of a channel simulator designed by employing the sum-of-cisoids (SOC) principle. The proposed channel model is useful for the design and performance evaluation of wireless communication systems operating in industrial environments.