Damage and Failure in an X65 Steel Pipeline Caused by Trawl Gear Impact
MetadataShow full item record
Offshore pipelines subjected to accidental impact loads from trawl gear or anchors may experience large global deformations and large local strains, creating a complex stress and strain history. In this study experiments and numerical simulations have been carried out to investigate the impact of a pipeline which is subsequently hooked and released. Material and component tests have been performed to investigate the behaviour during impact, and to observe if/when fracture occurs. The pipes were first impacted in a pendulum accelerator at varying velocities before they were pulled straight in a tension machine. Fracture was found in the impacted area of all the pipes during straightening. Material tests were done to determine the characteristics of the X65 grade steel. Numerical simulations showed excellent compliance with the impact phase, while the load level in the stretching phase was a bit overestimated.