Expression of erythropoietin and neuroendocrine markers in clear cell renal cell carcinoma
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAPMIS : Acta pathologica, microbiologica et immunologica Scandinavica. Supplementum. 2017, 125 (3), 213-222. 10.1111/apm.12654
The aim of the study was to investigate the expression of erythropoietin and neuroendocrine markers in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and re-evaluated histopathological specimens of 33 patients with CCRCC and compared with those of 11 cases of non-CCRCC. All patients were treated with a partial or radical nephrectomy at St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, between 2010 and 2016. Thirty-three patients who were diagnosed with CCRCC had a total of 35 tumours, where 34 of the tumours were CCRCC and one was papillary adenoma. Thirty-three (97%) of 34 CCRCCs were positive for erythropoietin, and the same 33 (97%) tumours demonstrated strong expression for neuron-specific enolase (NSE). Two (6%) of 34 CCRCCs had a positive reaction for synaptophysin, and three (9%) of 34 were positive for CD56. Erythropoietin and NSE were negative in non-CCRCCs, and chromogranin A was negative in all tumours. The above findings suggest that there is a strong association between CCRCC and the expression of erythropoietin and NSE.