Delay and delay-constrained throughput analysis of a wireless powered communication system
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In this paper, we investigate the delay and delay-constrained throughput performance of a point-to-point wireless-powered communication system, where one node, e.g. a user equipment (UE), is powered by the wireless energy transferred from the other node, e.g. an access point (AP), and uses the harvested wireless energy to send data to the other node. Our focus is on the delay performance of sending data over the uplink from the UE node to the AP node, and on its throughput performance when a delay constraint is enforced. Two representative time allocation schemes in using the link for the AP node to transfer energy (maybe together with data) and for the UE node to send data are considered. In particular, a lower bound on the cumulative capacity of the uplink is derived. In addition, an upper bound on the delay distribution is obtained for stochastic traffic arrivals, based on which, the delay-constrained throughput performance is further analyzed. Moreover, the accuracy of the analysis is validated by comparison with extensive simulation results. The analysis and results shed new light on the performance of such a wireless-powered communication system.