Modelling of bubble dynamics in slag during its hot stage engineering
Chapter, Conference object, Peer reviewed
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- SINTEF Proceedings 
Silica-rich additives are injected into the slag with N2/O2 as carrier gas to stabilize free lime in BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) steelmaking slag. In order to understand the mixing behaviour of the additives, bubble dynamics and momentum transfer are to be clarified at first. The objective of this work is to investigate the bubble breakup and the injected momentum transfer. To this purpose, a Volume of Fluid (VOF) two phase model was developed using ANSYS FLUENT software to study the dynamic breakup process of the gas phase and the velocity attenuation along the injected axis. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements were used to validate the corresponding computational modelling. The validation between experimental measurements and computational modelling is reasonable in the turbulence model. Bubble breakup begins very quickly in the region near the inlet. The momentum contained in the gas phase is dissipated within a short distance from the inlet.