The Impact of Maintenance Duration on the Downtime of an Offshore Wind Farm - Alternating Renewal Process
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Maintenance cost in offshore wind farms are one of the main reasons why it is still not competitive with its onshore counter part. To lower the price of energy, the authors want to improve the modeling of offshore wind farms in order to help improving the applied maintenance strategies. In this paper, we investigate the repair of wind turbine components as an alternating renewal process. The time it takes to repair (renew) a component in a turbine, directly influences the downtime of this turbine, or even larger parts of the wind farm. This downtime leads to production losses, which in turn raise the cost of energy. Previous investigations by two of the present authors showed that a variation in repair times has a significant influence of the production losses. In this paper, an alternate renewal process is investigated as tool to calculate the influence of the repair time duration on the production losses. We show that if we assume an exponential distribution of repair times, the distribution of the downtimes can be calculated analytically. For other distributions, the calculation has to be done numerically, after fitting the parameters of the distribution to the available data. Further work with other distributions and actual repair time distributions is planned.