The anti-apoptotic protein survivin can improve the prognostication of meningioma patients
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPLoS ONE. 2017, 12 (9): e0185217. 10.1371/journal.pone.0185217
Background The 2016 WHO histopathological grading includes a substantial within-variation in recurrence risk, and is thus insufficient to predict prognosis after initial surgery of patients suffering from meningiomas. The aim of this study was to compare the prognostic value of the histopathological grading and the conventional biomarker MIB-1 with expression of the anti-apoptotic protein survivin to see if this biomarker could complement recurrence prediction. Methods Using immunohistochemistry, the expression of MIB-1 and survivin were determined as labeling indices (LIs) in tissue micro arrays from 160 human meningiomas. The accuracy of prognostication was assessed with receiver operator characteristics analyses and standard survival analyses. Results The expression of survivin was significantly associated with both histopathological grade (P = 0.022) and recurrence status (P = 0.035). A survivin LI of 1% was identified as the optimal cutoff value to predict recurrence (P = 0.003), and was proven as more reliable than the histopathological grading (P = 0.497) and MIB-1 expression (P = 0.091). This result was further strengthened in multivariate analyses where survivin expression was revealed as an independent predictor of recurrence-free survival, while the histopathological grading and MIB-1 expression did not reach significance (P ≥ 0.156). Conclusions These findings suggest that incorporation of survivin in the clinical practice might be useful as complement for the histopathological grading and should further be evaluated in independent prospective studies.