Maturity Levels for private internal investigations: The case of fraud examinations
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionInternational Journal of Police Science and Management. 2017, 19 (4), 285-293. 10.1177/1461355717733139
The purpose of private internal investigations by fraud examiners is to reconstruct the past by identifying past events and sequences of events. In this article, work by fraud examiners can be studied in terms of maturity, where we introduce a five-stage model for investigation maturity: chaos, mess, disclosure, clarification, and investment. Based on student term papers in a financial crime class, a sample of six investigation reports are allocated to levels in the maturity model. The average score for investigation reports is level 3 disclosure, where the investigation is problem-oriented and often limited by the mandate. Based on the low average score, this article discusses privatization of law enforcement, secrecy of investigation reports, lack of disclosure to the police, competence of private investigators, and limits by investigation mandate.