Security challenges for e-learning ecosystems
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E-learning systems are used by almost every educational institution and the system is upgrading day-by-day (e.g. traditional monolithic e-learning system to modern e-learning ecosystem or cloud-based system). E-learning system provides a lot of benefits in the educational process, at the same time security is one of the important concern for e-learning systems. To prevent loss of user's data and to prevent from any kind of damage, a secured e-learning system is a must. Every system has some security issues and challenges. To ensure the security of such system existing security issues and problems are investigated. The study is interested to know stakeholder's view on the security of e-learning system as well as how the user of the system deals with the security problem. The e-learning system has faced a lot of security issues before, which has been solved now. This kind of experienced issues will be discussed in this study with current security issues. This study is also investigated the security benefits and increased threats of shifting from traditional monolithic system to modern e-learning ecosystem or cloud-based system. The study has used a combination of two research methodologies (i.e. survey and interview). To find out stakeholder's view on the security issues and challenges of existing e-learning system a survey is used as a method. To find out the increased threats and benefits of security of modern e-learning ecosystem the interview is used. The answer of the survey is collected from the global student and the interview is conducted among some technical stuff of Norwegian University of Science and Technology, as they are able to provide some inside knowledge about this subject.This study is one of the first that has tested the link between trust, privacy, and security in the e-learning context. The result suggested that perceived trust can lead the e-learning system to a new direction as the user willingly provide more information to the system. The result also shows that the chance of violation of confidentiality, integrity, and availability is higher in the asset - assignment. Thus more attention should be given to protect the assets. E-learning system has already experienced some security issues like phishing attacks, identity theft, unauthorized access etc. Still, the system has some other minor security issues and challenges. The shifting from traditional monolithic system to modern e-learning ecosystem has a lot of other benefits, yet does not provide security benefits. Rather, this shifting increases the security threats. This research shows the findings of the increased threats of shifting to modern e-learning ecosystem. The findings of this study have various implications for research as well as practice. This finding of security challenges and issues will help to improve the security of e-learning system.