Architecture-independent power bound for vibration energy harvesters
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Physics, Conference Series. 2013, 476 10.1088/1742-6596/476/1/012026
The maximum output power of energy harvesters driven by harmonic vibrations is well known for a range of specific harvester architectures. An architecture-independent bound based on the mechanical input-power also exists and gives a strict limit on achievable power with one mechanical degree of freedom, but is a least upper bound only for lossless devices. We report a new theoretical bound on the output power of vibration energy harvesters that includes parasitic, linear mechanical damping while still being architecture independent. This bound greatly improves the previous bound at moderate force amplitudes and is compared to the performance of established harvester architectures which are shown to agree with it in limiting cases. The bound is a hard limit on achievable power with one mechanical degree of freedom and can not be circumvented by transducer or power-electronic-interface design.
To cite this article: E Halvorsen et al 2013 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 476 012026