Wave Influenced Wind and the Effect on Offshore Wind Turbine Performance
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionKalvig, S.M. et al. (2014) Wave Influenced Wind and the Effect on Offshore Wind Turbine Performance. Energy Procedia. 53, 202-213. 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.07.229
In this paper the effect of wave influenced wind on offshore wind turbines is studied numerically. The wave is seen as a dynamical roughness that influences the wind flow and hence the wind turbine performance. An actuator line representation of the NREL's 5 MW offshore baseline wind turbine is placed in a simulation domain with a moving mesh that resolves the ocean waves. These wave influenced wind turbine simulations, WIWiTS, show that the wave will influence the wind field at the turbine rotor height. Both the produced power and the tangential forces on the rotor blades will vary according to the three different cases studied: wind aligned with a swell, wind opposing the swell and wind over a surface with low roughness (no waves).