Bandgap measurement of high refractive index materials by off-axis EELS
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonUltramicroscopy. 2017, 182 92-98. 10.1016/j.ultramic.2017.06.019
In the present work Cs aberration corrected and monochromated scanning transmission electron microscopy electron energy loss spectroscopy (STEM-EELS) has been used to explore experimental set-ups that allow bandgaps of high refractive index materials to be determined. Semi-convergence and –collection angles in the µrad range were combined with off-axis or dark field EELS to avoid relativistic losses and guided light modes in the low loss range to contribute to the acquired EEL spectra. Off-axis EELS further supressed the zero loss peak and the tail of the zero loss peak. The bandgap of several GaAs-based materials were successfully determined by simple regression analyses of the background subtracted EEL spectra. The presented set-up does not require that the acceleration voltage is set to below the Čerenkov limit and can be applied over the entire acceleration voltage range of modern TEMs and for a wide range of specimen thicknesses.