Dynamics of starter, adjunct non-starter lactic acid bacteria and propionic acid bacteria in low-fat and full-fat Dutch-type cheese
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonInternational Dairy Journal. 2013, 33 104-111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.idairyj.2013.01.007
The microbial dynamics of Dutch-type cheeses differing in starter (commercial DL starter or single strain of Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris), adjunct (Lactobacillus or Propionibacterium) and fat contents (10% or 28% fat) were investigated by culture-dependent and culture-independent analysis. The cheese microbiota was dominated by the adjunct Lactobacillus after 4 weeks of ripening and the fat content did not influence the microbial diversity. The Leuconostoc sp., presumably from the DL starter, was detected in cheeses made with added Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus rhamnosus and was not detected in cheese made with added Lactobacillus paracasei after 4 and 7 weeks. No Lactobacillus spp. were detected in cheese with added Propionibacterium, while Leuconostoc was the only species detected. In cheeses made with Lc. lactis ssp. cremoris as starter, the Lactobacillus microbiota was similar to the cheese milk microbiota after 24 h while after 4 weeks different species of Lactobacillus and Leuconostoc were detected.