Measurement of R&D Output Profiles: Conceptual Framework and ‘State of the Art’
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- 1 - Reports / Rapporter 
This report has been produced as part of the preparatory work of NIFU’s research programme “Profiling Output in Norwegian Research” and has to be read inconjuction with NIFU’s report on “Output and Effects of R&D: A State-of-the-Art Study on Science and Technology Output Performance”, skriftserie 19/98, written by Dag W. Aksnes. In Aksnes’ report the reader can find a good overview of the kinds of bibliometric indicators that have been used to measure scientific performance at different levels (macro and micro) and on the main methodological problems attached to them. The aim of the present report is to provide a framework to measure types of output in R&D organisations based on a review of previous studies on R&D outputs. The study is meant to be the starting point of NIFU’s research efforts to understand production processes in Norwegian R&D institutes.