Towards inclusive innovation praxis in forest-based bioenergy
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionRefsgaard, K., Bryden, J., & Kvakkestad, V. (2017). Towards inclusive innovation praxis in forest-based bioenergy. Innovation and Development, 7(1), 153-173. 10.1080/2157930X.2017.1281343
In this paper, we apply grounded innovation platforms (GRIPs) as a tool for inclusive innovation in relation to forest-based bioenergy in Norway. We use cases studied in the Triple Bottom Line Outcomes for Bioenergy Development and Innovation in Rural Norway research project. We review the notion of GRIPs and classify them. We analyse forms of GRIPs and the hypothesis that forms of GRIP affect ‘triple bottom line’ outcomes of sustainable development. We relate our findings to the debates on inclusive innovation, which we argue is not simply an issue for ‘developing countries’. Development, being understood to be different from economic growth, is concerned with inclusion and exclusion, and, in a world of growing inequalities, is a universal issue everywhere.