Drikkemønster hos førstegangsmødre to år etter fødsel : effekten av intervensjonen i Fit for fødsel
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Background: Womans consumption of different types of beverages during pregnancy may affect the future health of the mother and child. Maternal consumption of different types of beverages was invetsigated during pregnancy and again two years after giving birth. Aim: The study intended to detect wether a lifestyle intervention in pregnancy had a long-term effect on women’s intake of selected beverages. Further it examines whether their weight and education influence the change in consumption of drinks. Method: The data for this study was collected from the study «Fit for birth» where they used randomized controlled trial method. The women answerd a questionaire at inclution and two years after giving birth. They were asked to report how often they consumed sugar sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages, fruit juice, nectar and water . The womans drinking pattern was compared to their ecudation, weight and randomization. The Chi-square test was used to find significant difference in the drinking pattern of the woman. While McNemar test was used to detect changes in bevergae consumption. Results: A total of 591 women participated in the study, 349 (56%) of these also anwered the questionaire two years after giving birth. There were no significant difference between the two groups consumption of beverages two years after giving birth. The consumption of sugar sweetened bevergae decreased significantly from pregnancy to two years after giving birth in both groups. Furthermore consumption of artificially sweetened beverage increased. There were also significant changes and differences based on education and weight staus. Key words: Beverage consumption, behavioral change, young women, socioeconomic status, intervention.
Masteroppgave folkehelsevitenskap ME516 - Universitetet i Agder 2017