"Vi kjemper for et fritt nasjonalsosialistisk Norden" : en kvalitativ analyse av Den Norske Motstandsbevegelsen : hvem er de og representerer de noe nytt?
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This master thesis is a study of the Norwegian right-wing extremist group, the Norwegian Resistance Movement (NMB). The qualitative study is based on a content analysis of 144 articles published by the NMB and depth interview with five informants that possess knowledge about Norwegian right-wing extremism. The study examines the research question; who are the NMB and do they represent anything new? Does NMB meet the criteria necessary to be defined as a right-wing extremist organization and what is their ideology? The first hypothesis is: NMB is a right-wing extremist organization and promotes nationalsocialism. Øyvind Strømmen claims that there have been three waves of Norwegian right-wing extremism since the 1970’s (Strømmen 2011: 43-51). Anders Jupskås say that the new right-wing extremism at time can be like old wine in new bottles (Jupskås 2012:180). Do NMB represent anything new or are there similarities with the first wave which also promoted nationalsocialism? The second hypothesis is: There are clear similarities between NMB and the 1990’s neo-Nazi milieu. My researchfindings show that NMB is the most well-organized group in Norway at the time being, but this may be explained because of strong central leadership from Sweden. NMB fullfill the criteria to be defined as a right-wing extremist organization and they promote a nationalsocialist ideology. My findings also suggest that there are clear similarities with the 1990´s milieu. They share the same battle, the same conspiratorial view with a shared image of the enemy and the same sources of inspiration. The most significant difference is that unlike the 1990´s Swedish group White Arian Resistance (VAM), NMB do not show a terrorist approach, but rather an approach using propaganda. NMB has a hierarchical structure with formal membership, which VAM did not have. NMB shows no clear signs of representing any new ideological aspects, but the approach may be somewhat new.