State-of-the-Art for the use of Phase-Change Materials in Tanks Coupled with Heat Pumps
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonEnergy and Buildings. 2017, 140 28-41. 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.01.061
With the goal of increasing heat storage in the same accumulation volumes, phase-change materials are considered. There are different substances with different phase-change temperatures that can be used for storing heating or cooling implemented in heat pump systems for applications of space heating and cooling, ventilation or domestic hot water production. Reducing the size of the buffer tanks used with heat pumps, avoiding the oversizing of heat pumps or detaching thermal energy production and consumption are among the benefits that could result from the combination of heat pumps and latent heat thermal energy storage. In addition, this form of thermal energy storage allows enhancing the use of renewable energy sources as heat sources for heat pump systems. Most previous review works focus mainly on the different materials available that can be used as phase-change materials. Conversely, this review encloses, classifies and describes the results of different works found in the literature that studied individual solutions to enhance the performance of systems combining heat pumps and latent heat thermal energy storage.