Testing virtual fences for reindeer
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- Bioforsk TEMA 
Virtual fencing systems have been developed for several animal species. The Norwegian NoFence system is guided by pre-determined GPS positions. During the winter of 2011 and 2013 we tested two prototypes of the NoFence collar under controlled conditions. The first prototype had little influence on animal behaviour but the second prototype showed important improvements. The system was however not successful in controlling reindeer movements using warning signals and low current electrical shocks.