The effect of alternative fuel combustion in the cement kiln main burner on production capacity and improvement with oxygen enrichment.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAriyaratne, H. W., Melaaen, M. C., & Tokheim, L. A. (2013). The effect of alternative fuel combustion in the cement kiln main burner on production capacity and improvement with oxygen enrichment. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology: An International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, 76, 557-563.
A mathematical model based on a mass and energy balance for the combustion in a cement rotary kiln was developed. The model was used to investigate the impact of replacing about 45 % of the primary coal energy by different alternative fuels. Refuse derived fuel, waste wood, solid hazardous waste and liquid hazardous waste were used in the modeling. The results showed that in order to keep the kiln temperature unchanged, and thereby maintain the required clinker quality, the production capacity had to be reduced by 1-15 %, depending on the fuel type. The reason for the reduction is increased exhaust gas flow rates caused by the fuel characteristics. The model, which has been successfully validated in a full-scale experiment, was also used to show that the negative impact on the production capacity can be avoided if a relatively small part of the combustion air is replaced by pure oxygen.