Temperature and Precipitation Development at Svalbard 1900-2100
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionFørland, E.J., Benestad, R., Hanssen-Bauer, I., Haugen, J.E. & Skaugen, T.E. Temperature and Precipitation Development at Svalbard 1900-2100. Advances in Meteorology. 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/893790
Substantial variations in temperature and precipitation have been observed since the first permanent weather station was established in the Svalbard region in 1911. Temperature and precipitation development are analysed for the longest observational series, and periods with positive and negative trends are identified. For all temperature series, positive linear trends are found for annual values as well as spring, summer, and autumn series. A very strong winter warming is identified for the latest decades. Evaluation of temperature trends downscaled from global climate models forced with observed greenhouse gas emissions suggests that the downscaled results do span the observation-based trends at Svalbard Airport 1912–2010. Novel projections focussing on the Svalbard region indicate a future warming rate up to year 2100 three times stronger than observed during the latest 100 years. The average winter temperature in the Longyearbyen area at the end of this century is projected to be around 10◦C higher than in present climate. Also for precipitation, the long-term observational series indicate an increase and the projections indicate a further increase up to year 2100.