Aggression replacement training (ART) for reducing antisocial behavior in adolescents and adults: A systematic review.
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionAggression and Violent Behavior. 2016, 27 30-41. 10.1016/j.avb.2016.02.006
Objective: Aggression Replacement Training (ART) is amultimodal program aiming at replacing antisocial behaviors by actively teaching desirable behaviors. The program is frequently used and has been provided within a wide variety of settings, but its effectiveness in its own right has not been addressed in previous reviews. This systematic review examines the effect of ART on antisocial behavior in young people and adults. Methods: Published and unpublished literature was searched to identify randomized and non-randomized studies comparing ART for adults and youth with usual care, other interventions, or no intervention. Primary outcomes included recidivism in antisocial behavior, while secondary outcomeswere related to social skills, angermanagement and moral reasoning. Findings: This reviewidentified 16 studieswith considerable clinical and methodological diversity. Themethodological quality and the post-intervention follow-up of the studieswere limited. Almost half of the studies were conducted by researchers who have vested interests in the intervention. Conclusions: There is an insufficient evidence-base to substantiate the hypothesis that ART has a positive impact on recidivism, self-control, social skills ormoral development in adolescents and adults. Further research is warranted by independent investigators exploring the effects of ART on clearly-defined target groups using high standard evaluation designs.