A miniaturized pressure sensor with inherent biofouling protection designed for in vivo applications
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionIEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference Proceedings. 2011, 1880-1883. 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6090533
The design, fabrication, and measurement results for a diaphragm-based single crystal silicon sensor element of size 820 µm × 820 µm × 500 µm are presented. The sensor element is designed for in vivo applications with respect to size and measurement range. Moreover, it is optimized for long-time operation in the human body through a built-in protection preventing biofouling on the piezoresistors. The sensitivity is about 20 mV/V for a change from 500 to 1500 mbar absolute pressure. This result is comparable to conventional sized micromachined pressure sensors. The output signal is not found to be influenced by exposure to 60 °C for three hours, a normal temperature load for a typical sterilization process for medical devices (Ethylene Oxide Sterilization). The hysteresis is low; < 0.25% of full scale output signal. The sensor element withstands an overload pressure of 3000 mbar absolute pressure. Observed decrease in the output signal with temperatures and observed nonlinearity can easily be handled by traditional electronic compensation techniques.