Now showing items 1-20 of 1472

    • A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2001)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • Abortion rights legal mobilization in the Peruvian media, 1990–2015 

      Gianella, Camila (Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 19 no. 1, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017-01-01)
      State and non-state actors engaged in disputes to expand and limit abortion rights have engaged in legal mobilization—in other words, strategies using rights and law as a central tool for advancing contested political ...
    • Abundant in policy, absent in practice? Rethinking 'local ownership' 

      Krogstad, Erlend Grøner (CMI Working Paper WP 2013:1, Working paper, 2013-03-06)
      Local ownership of international statebuilding processes tends to be understood as a quality which is ‘supported’, ‘fostered’, ‘granted’ or ‘stifled’ by foreigners rather than something which is simply taken by the hosts ...
    • Acceso a la justicia para las mujeres indígenas en América Latina 

      Sieder, Rachel; Sierra, María Teresa (CMI Working Paper WP 2011: 2, Working paper, 2011-02-09)
      Este informe ofrece un panorama de los desafíos que mujeres indígenas en América Latina enfrentan cuando acceden a la justicia oficial y a los sistemas de justicia indígena. El mismo se enfoca en los marcos normativos, la ...
    • Access denied. Abortion rights in Latin America 

      Gianella-Malca, Camila; Gloppen, Siri (CMI Brief vol. 13 no. 1, Report, 2014-01-01)
      Millions of Latin American women face serious barriers to their sexual and reproductive rights, and they suffer serious consequences as a result. Latin American countries maintain restrictive abortion laws in spite of ...
    • Access Regimes and Institutions: The Economic Organisation of the Migrant Popo Fishermen of Pointe-Noire, Congo 

      Bøe, Turid (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 1999)
      Within Popo society in Pointe Noire, Congo, fishermen seIl their fish to their wives at a price slightly below the local market price. The wives process the fish and re-seIl it in distant markets, making a profit they ...
    • Access to Formal Banking and Household Finances: Experimental Evidence from India 

      Somville, Vincent; Vandewalle, Lore (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:1, Working paper, 2017-02-01)
      Access to formal banking is spreading across the world. Obtaining a bank account may transform how people manage their finances, and affect their savings and consumption. We report from a field experiment that randomly ...
    • Access to Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan 

      De Lauri, Antonio (Journal of Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 60, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01-01)
      In anthropological and legal literature, the phenomenon termed ‘legal pluralism’ has been interpreted as a co-presence of legal orders which act in relation to their own ‘levels’ of referring ‘fields’. The Afghan normative ...
    • Accountability on the Move. The Parliament of Angola 

      Amundsen, Inge; Abreu, Cesaltina; Hoygaard, Laurinda (CMI Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      The Parliament of Angola was established and elected in 1992 in a watershed election that coincided with the peace process in Angola and the democratisation process in much of Africa. There has still been no second election, ...
    • Accounting for poverty reduction in Norwegian development aid to Mozambique 

      Tvedten, Inge; Villanger, Espen (Research report, Research report, 2008)
      Poverty reduction is the overarching goal of Norwegian development assistance, as expressed in the “Government Plan of Action for Combating Poverty in the South Towards 2015” and other related documents. At the same time, ...
    • Achieving Success and Avoiding Failure in Anti-Corruption Commissions: Developing the Role of Donors 

      Williams, Robert; Doig, Alan (U4 Brief 2007:1, Report, 2007-10-05)
      Anti-corruption Commissions (ACCs) have, with one or two exceptions, been a disappointment both to the people of developing countries and to their development partners. As the 2005 UNDP report on institutional anti-corruption ...
    • “A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era 

      Strønen, Iselin Åsedotter (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4, Working paper, 2016-05-01)
      Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new — and controversial — role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central tenant of ...
    • A Contradictory Mission? NATO from Stabilization to Combat in Afghanistan 

      Suhrke, Astri (International Peacekeeping vol. 15 no. 2 April, Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2008-05-01)
      Between 2001 and 2007, the United States and NATO gradually abandoned the commitment to a light military footprint in Afghanistan, initially adopted to avoid making the same mistakes as the Soviet Union. A heavy footprint, ...
    • A cost-benefit framework for allocating SPS-related technical assistance 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Wiig, Arne (Research report, Research report, 2002)
      Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures designed to protect human, animal and plant health, constitute a significant barrier to exports of agricultural products from developing countries. Though the WTO Agreement on the ...
    • Acting jointly on behalf of women? The cross-party women’s caucus in Malawi 

      Chiweza, Asiyati; Wang, Vibeke; Maganga, Ann (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 8, Report, 2016-05-01)
      Despite an increase in the number of countries that have adopted women’s caucuses in sub-Saharan Africa, there is still little empirical knowledge about how they operate and under which conditions they are most effective ...
    • Addressing corruption in fragile states: what role for donors? 

      Mathisen, Harald (U4 Issue 2007:1, Research report, 2007-01-01)
      This report takes on board recent international experience and research on fragile states and present operational advice to anyone wanting to tailor strategic reform initiatives. Guidance is provided on a series of categories ...
    • Addressing corruption in the health sector: Securing equitable access to health care for everyone 

      Hussmann, Karen (U4 Issue 2011:1, Research report, 2011-01-25)
      The development community is striving to achieve results and value for money with its investments in health around the world. Yet, donors often work in countries where the risk of corruption is high and where public ...
    • Addressing corruption through sector approaches: Exploring lessons from the Moroccan anticorruption strategy for the health sector 

      Fink, Hady; Hussmann, Karen (U4 Practice Insight 2013:2, Report, 2013-05-28)
      Sector-specific anti-corruption efforts are widely recommended but rarely implemented at the country level. The Moroccan Central Authority for Corruption Prevention opted similar approaches in any sector. Sector-specific ...
    • Addressing governance and corruption challenges for REDD: Initial findings from DRC, Tanzania, Kenya 

      Williams, Aled (Others, 2010-11-01)
      How might issues of corruption influence the success of schemes to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)? How could REDD have a positive influence in addressing corruption in the forest sector? ...
    • A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi 

      Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edrinnie; Shame, Edith Kalilombe (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5, Report, 2016-04-01)
      The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and other women leaders. the discourse ...