Talentutvikling i fotball : kan et opplevd motivasjonsklima predikere behovstilfredsstillelse og selvregulert læring hos unge talentfulle fotballspillere?
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Studies that have looked at the relationship between training and performance have sown that athletes must practice at lot in order to reach a high level (Côté et al., 2007; Ericsson et al., 1993; Simon & Chase, 1973), and motivation is viewed as an important factor in order to implement the required training. Through satisfaction of the basic needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness, athletes will feel self-determination and intrinsic motivation (Deci & Ryan, 1985). Furthermore, football players who spend more time promoting their own learning is often preferred over players taking less responsibility (Toering et al., 2012). This study was a cross-section study with survey design, and the aim of this study was to examine if perceived motivational climate could predict need satisfaction and self-regulated learning in young talented football players (boys, 13 – 14 years). There were 648 respondents from Norway who responded to the questionnaire, and all were selected football players. Questionnaires were sent out to the respective regional football teams in Norway. It was performed correlation and regression analysis to examine the hypotheses. The results showed that a mastery-oriented motivational climate positively predicted basic need satisfaction and self-regulated learning. A performance-oriented motivational climate was a negative predictor for satisfaction, while self-regulated learning could not be predicted by this climate. Findings highlight that a mastery oriented-motivational climate will be an important factor on promoting the need satisfaction and self-regulated learning in young football players. The study's results are discussed against previous theory and empirical evidence, while it comes with a new understanding of the area. Keywords: Talent development, mastery oriented motivational climate, performance oriented motivational climate, basic need satisfaction, self-regulated learning
Masteroppgave i idrettsvitenskap - Universitetet i Agder 2016