Evaluating Wave Forces on Groups of Three and Nine Cylinders using a 3D Numerical Wave Tank
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEngineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics 2015, 9(1):343-354 10.1080/19942060.2015.1031318
The evaluation of the complex wave regime due to wave interaction with a large group of cylinders placed in proximity requires an efficient and accurate numerical model. This paper presents the application of a two-phase Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to carry out a detailed investigation of wave forces and flow around vertical circular cylinders placed in groups of different configurations at low Keulegan-Carpenter (KC) numbers. The 3D numerical wave tank is validated by comparing the numerical results with experimental data. Further, the hydrodynamic effects associated with three cylinders placed in tandem, side by side and in a 3 × 3 square array of nine cylinders are investigated. Wave forces are seen to reduce along the row in a tandem array. In a side-by-side arrangement, the central cylinder experiences the highest force. A combination of these effects is seen in the 3 × 3 square array. The variation of the wave forces on the cylinders in the array for different center-to-center distances and incident wavelengths is evaluated and the results show that the wave forces are the highest on the cylinders when the center-to-center distance is slightly less than half the incident wavelength.