Integrating AVO, Seismic Inversion, and Rock Physics in Agua Fría 3D Seismic Cube
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Ten exploratory wells have been drilled in the Agua Fría area, led by amplitude anomalies and structural highs. Five of them resulted in dry wells and the other five in gas and oil discoveries. In some of these wells, water sands respond seismically as amplitude anomalies. On the other hand, some oil and gas sands are not easily recognizable from post-stack seismic data. Bright spots are also observed in the study area.Seismic interpretation can be uncertain if no geology is related to elastic response of the subsurface rocks. The purpose of this thesis is to integrate diagenesis data from log and core data, rock physics models, AVO analysis and seismic inversion information to characterize the Agua Fría 3D seismic cube. Mechanical compaction and sorting are the main factors affecting the porosity trend in the selected wells according to the rock physics modeling. AVO class III are the main class present in the study area. However, these responses can be related to brine, oil or gas sands. Rock physics templates and seismic inversion data are useful to understand these responses and to decrease uncertainty to the analysis of these anomalies.The integration of these methodologies allow to improve the understanding of the seismic amplitude response to different geological facies present in the study area.