Pressure Transient Analysis Using Generated Well Test Data from Simulation of Selected Wells in Norne Field
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Several types of transient well testing in Norne field are presented in this thesis. One production well from each segment in Norne field was participated in different type of test. The well test data of all cases were generated from reservoir simulation. It allows flexibility in modifying reservoir model condition to understand different behavior of pressure response. The tests were first started by producing the well at a constant rate for 10 days, and then shutting-in the well for at least 24 hours. The importance of reservoir model grid refinement, determination of reservoir communication across the fault, and the complexity of horizontal well test analysis are the three main discussions in this thesis work.Series of buildup tests at well D-1H in C-Segment were performed to recognize the significance level of Local Grid Refinement (LGR) near the wellbore. There are two sensitivities performed in the reservoir model, extension of LGR area and increase of LGR factor. Based on pressure responses, wider area of LGR affected permeability estimation, while increase of LGR factor impacted the storage capacity calculation. In the next discussions, LGR near the wellbore becomes a standard procedure in generating well test data.The next type of transient well testing performed in Norne field is interference test. This test was executed at well E-3H as an observation well in E-Segment; while well E-1H and E-2H acted as interfering wells in D- and E-Segments respectively. According to pressure and production trends, it can be ensured both interfering wells are located in different segments. A reservoir communication across segments was identified through pressure drop analysis at well E-3H; hence presence of a major fault between segments is not fully sealed.Transient well testing in horizontal well gives a special and more complex analysis compare to vertical well analysis. A buildup test was examined at horizontal well E-4AH in G-Segment to determine vertical and horizontal permeability. Two flow regimes existed during the test, early-time radial flow and intermediate-time linear flow. They were discovered from pressure versus time plot and pressure derivative analysis. Interpretation results from both flow regimes show a very low kv/kh ratio in the segment around the well.All data tests were interpreted manually using practical equations after doing comprehensive literature studies. The data were also evaluated quantitatively using F.A.S.T WelltestTM engineering software of pressure transient analysis from Fekete reservoir engineering software and services. Reservoir properties obtained from pressure transient analysis have similar results with the original data on the reservoir model. To simplify the study, production rate which was used in build-up and interference tests are only from oil production basis. In addition, no injections in Norne field were included during the tests to have the same comparison in all analysis. As the future work, any other types of tests are strongly recommended, both in single-well and multiple-well testing, also in vertical and horizontal wells.