Coping strategies and associations with depression among 12-15-year-old Norwegian adolescents involved in bullying
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Original versionJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease 2016, 204(4):247-330 0.1097/NMD.0000000000000474
The aim of this study was to examine coping styles among young adolescents involved in bullying, both as victims or aggressors, and the rela- tionships between coping styles and depressive symptom levels. The possible moderating and mediating roles of coping in the relationships between bullying involvement and depression are also investigated. A representative community sample of 2464 adolescents was assessed. Coping styles were measured by the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire. Analysis of variance and standard lin- ear regression methods were applied. Adolescents being bullied or being aggres- sive toward others both showed more emotional coping than did noninvolved adolescents ( p < 0.001). Being bullied and high emotional, low task, and high avoidant coping styles were independently related to more depressive symptoms. The association between being bullied and depressive symptoms was both mod- erated and partially mediated by emotional coping.