Performance and wake development behind two in-line and offset model wind turbines - "Blind test" experiments and calculations
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Physics, Conference Series 2014, 524 10.1088/1742-6596/524/1/012171
This is a report on data presented at the ”Blind test 3” Workshop organized jointly by Nowitech and Norcowe in Bergen, December 2013. A number of research groups were invited to predict the performances and the wake development behind two model wind turbines that have been extensively tested at the Department of Energy and Process Engineering, NTNU. The turbines were arranged in-line, but slightly offset so that the wake of the upstream turbine only affected roughly half the area swept by the second rotor. This is a common event in most wind parks and produces flow fields that are both complicated and harmful for the downstream turbine. Contributions were received from five different groups using a range of methods, from fully resolved Reynolds averaged Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models to Large Eddy Simulations (LES). The range of results was large but the overall trend is that the current methods predict the power generation as well as the thrust force reasonably well. But there is a large uncertainty in the prediction of the turbulence field in the wake.