A Variable Depth Search Algorithm for Binary Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionBouhmala, N. (2015). A Variable Depth Search Algorithm for Binary Constraint Satisfaction Problems. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2015, 10. doi: 10.1155/2015/637809 10.1155/2015/637809
The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a popular used paradigm to model a wide spectrum of optimization problems in artificial intelligence. This paper presents a fast metaheuristic for solving binary constraint satisfaction problems. The method can be classified as a variable depth search metaheuristic combining a greedy local search using a self-adaptive weighting strategy on the constraint weights. Several metaheuristics have been developed in the past using various penalty weight mechanisms on the constraints.What distinguishes the proposed metaheuristic fromthose developed in the past is the update of k variables during each iteration when moving from one assignment of values to another. The benchmark is based on hard random constraint satisfaction problems enjoying several features that make them of a great theoretical and practical interest.The results show that the proposed metaheuristic is capable of solving hard unsolved problems that still remain a challenge for both complete and incomplete methods. In addition, the proposed metaheuristic is remarkably faster than all existing solvers when tested on previously solved instances. Finally, its distinctive feature contrary to other metaheuristics is the absence of parameter tuning making it highly suitable in practical scenarios.