Adult ADHD Symptoms and Satisfaction With Life: Does Age and Sex Matter?
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Original versionJournal of Attention Disorders 2015 10.1177/1087054715612257
Objective:To investigate adult ADHD symptoms and satisfaction with life, with a focus on age and sex differences.Method: This study is based on parents in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). The Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS-6) and Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) scores were analyzed from 33,210 men and 41,983 womenfrom young to middle adulthood. Results: Mean ASRS total score was significantly higher in men, where 5.1% scoredabove cutoff, compared with 2.9% in women. Factor loadings supported the two ASRS subscales: Inattention (Inatt) andHyperactivity-Impulsivity (HyImp) in both sexes. A significant decline with age was found on HyImp, whereas Inatt scoreswere reasonably stable in men and u-curved in women. High ASRS scores were associated with lower SWLS, but poorsatisfaction with life was found only in high-scoring women. Conclusion: Our findings suggest caution to age and sex whenusing the ASRS-6.