Pulsed Laser Deposition of ZnO Nanostructures for Hybrid Inorganic/Organic Solar Cells
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Au catalyst ZnO nanostructures have been grown on the a- and c-plane sapphire substrate by PLD. Influence of substrate lattice orientation, substrate surface and different substrate annealing temperature have been characterized by AFM, SEM and XRD. This report shows that a-plane sapphire substrate annealed at 1000 degree C and 1200 degree C improves the growth condition of Au catalyst ZnO nanostructures. For c-plane sapphire; annealing at 1200 degree C and 1400 degree C enhances the nanostructure growth. The better growth condition is a result of the terrace-and-step morphology seen on the substrate surface prior to growth. This report also indicates a correlation between the azimuthal in-plane alignment of the grown nanostructures and the sapphire substrate lattice orientation.