Measurement of Pressure Pulsations in Francis Turbines
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The work presented in this thesis involves preparation and execution of measurements on Francis runners. The measurements were performed by means of onboard measuring equipment both in model runners and full-scale prototype runners. Also, analysis of the measured data, and the discussion of the results, is presented. The measurements resulted in large data sets. These data sets were used by the author to investigate the dynamic pressure and strain in the runners. The results of the analysis can be used as input in future turbine design. Andritz Hydro AG has used the data for verification of their numerical simulation tools. In connection with the refurbishment of Tokke power plant, two model runners were made available for onboard pressure measurements. To investigate the dynamic pressure in these runners, methods for integration of pressure transducers in the runner blades needed to be developed. After initial difficulties during the preparation, successful measurements were obtained from both model runners. At Tokke power plant, both the original and replacement runners were made accessible for onboard pressure and strain gauge measurements. On the original Kværner Brug AS runner, the test was prepared and performed by the author. This test failed, due to water intrusion in the logging chain. The second test was performed on the Andritz Hydro AG replacement runner. This test was prepared and performed by the author in close cooperation with Andritz Hydro AG, and the results were successful. The analysis results from both model and prototype runners show that the wake leaving the guide vanes is the most severe source of dynamic pressure in the runner. The draft tube vortex rope pulsation propagates upstream the runner, but does not appear as a significant frequency in the runner strain measurements.
Has partsKobro, Einar; Dahlhaug, Ole G.; Nielsen, Torbjørn K.. On board Pressure Measurements in Francis Model Runner Blades. Proceedings from the 24th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, 2008.
Kobro, Einar; Gamboa, Alphonse; Bloch, Reinhard; Nielsen, Torbjørn. Onboard Pressure Measurement in High Head Francis Prototype Runners. Proceedings from the 3rd IAHR International Meeting of the Workgroup on Cavitation and Dynamic Problems in Hydraulic Machinery and Systems, 2009.
Kobro, Einar; Nielsen, Torbjørn Kristian; Dahlhaug, Ole Gunnar. Data Analysis From Onboard Francis Model Runner Pressure Measurements. The 13th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery, 2010.
Kobro, Einar; Nielsen, Torbjørn K.. Analysis of Onboard Pressure and Strain Measurement Data from High Head Francis Prototype Runner, and Discussionon Runner Lifetime. .